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Zambia Biography

Zambia is a vast 750,000 sq km, nearly half the size of Europe. It is landlocked in south-central Africa with a population of approximately 12 million and is one of the least travelled and most rewarding wilderness destinations in Africa. Zambia is the most centrally located country in southern/central Africa, bordering with the Democratic Republic of Congo, Angola, Namibia, Botswana, Zimbabwe, Mozambique, Malawi and Tanzania.
Zambia boasts the Kafue, Luangwa and Zambezi rivers and possesses two of the largest wildlife sanctuaries in Africa, the Luangwa Valley and the Kafue National Park. The country has a total of 19 National Parks, abundant with wildlife in the raw wilderness.

This is the land of the legendary African walking safari and the mighty Victoria Falls – one of the largest waterfalls in the world which Zambia shares with neighbouring Zimbabwe. Including the Victoria Falls, Zambia has seventeen waterfalls.

In Livingstone, Zambia features as the Continent’s adrenaline-fuelled holiday capital with visitors partaking in a series of white-knuckling adventures such as white water rafting and bungee jumping, on, or over the Zambezi. Therefore the town of Livingstone is emerging as a destination in its own right as it embraces its colonial roots.

Most of the country falls into a plateau region, which has a pleasant climate. Zambia’s elevation on a plateau 1,300 metres above sea level gives it a moderate semi-tropical climate, despite being positioned within tropical latitudes.

The Zambezi and the Luangwa valleys have a hotter and more humid climate and the extreme north has a tropical climate as one reaches the shores of Lake Tanganyika.

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Zambia Map


History and Background

The first humans to inhabit Zambia were the Bushmen. There is evidence that primitive ‘man’ began using fire some 60,000 years ago. A development of ‘digs’ from this distant past is enclosed at the Field Museum at the Victoria Falls. Modern man probably emerged in Zambia at least 25,000 years ago. By 15,000 years ago, the Late Stone Age commenced. Their ancient rock-art is still being discovered in various parts of Zambia.

The Bushmen gave way to the Bantu people from the north. Ensuing were tribal wars and the slave trade until missionaries and David Livingstone arrived in 1840 as a medical evangelist. Imperialist Cecil Rhodes followed in their wake, and in 1911, the country became the British colony of Northern Rhodesia, with the town of Livingstone as its capital. After 10 years Zambia gained its independence as a Commonwealth Republic under Dr Kenneth Kaunda, in October 1964. In 1972 the country reverted back to multiparty politics in December 1990. The current government is committed to rebuilding the country’s economy and tourism industry in partnership with the private sector.

Despite Zambia’s vastness as a country and relatively small population, the country’s main centres such as Lusaka and the Copperbelt town of Ndola are developed and sophisticated places in their own right with reputable hotels and restaurants. Lusaka is particularly graced with international and local quality hotels and lodges.

Zambia’s craftsmen have combined their artistic skills with tradition to produce a fine range of crafts which include intricate basket weaving from Barotseland, fine ebony sculptures from the Southern Province, ceremonial masks, drums, brass, copper and malachite works of art.

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Adventures in Zambia

Pick from a wide range of adventures to suit all

Stanley Safari Lodge

Set on a hill bordering the Mosi-oa-Tunya National Park and overlooking unspoilt bush, Stanley Safari Lodge is only 3km from the Victoria Falls. This lodge has a truly African feel,…

Sanctuary Chichele Presidential Lodge

This historic property, once the personal bush retreat of President Kenneth Kaunda of Zambia, has a magnificent hilltop location in Zambia’s premier game viewing area, the South Luangwa National Park.…

Sanctuary Sussi & Chuma

Sussi & Chuma is named after two faithful companions of the Victorian explorer Dr. David Livingstone. Comprising of two private Chuma houses and a stunning luxury lodge, Sussi & Chuma…

Sanctuary Puku Ridge Camp

Nestled on a hillside in a remote game rich area of the South Luangwa National Park is Puku Ridge Camp, named after the Puku antelope that inhabits this area. This…

Zambia In Style

Livingstone (Victoria Falls) - South Luangwa National Park & Lower Zambezi National park Visit Zambia in Style on this superb safari which combines the country’s most outstanding destinations. Accommodation is…

Nsolo Bush Camp

Nsolo Bush Camp is situated on a bend in the Luwi sand river that runs through the heart of Zambia's South Luangwa National Park, just three hours' walk from Luwi…

Kapani Lodge

Kapani is an exclusive camp situated on the banks of one of the Luangwa River's many ox-bow lagoons. Kapani means - place of mopane trees. The lodge is located close…

Chongwe River Camp & House

Chongwe River Camp is situated at the joining of the Zambezi and Chongwe rivers, in the Lower Zambezi Valley. The Chongwe River, a quiet tributary of the Zambezi, borders the…
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'It was absolutely wonderful!'

We travelled to three separate locations, staying in four beautiful venues; initially in Zambia at Sindabezi and Tongabezi, then moving onto Mfuwe for a stay at Nkwali Lodge - the safari part of our holiday and finally flying to Malawi and the paradise which is Kaya Mawa on Likoma Island. We can neither praise nor thank Sylvia enough for all the care and attention she gave us. As an example, whilst in Zambia we discovered on New Year’s Eve that we’d left one of our internal flight e-tickets at home. We phoned Sylvia in a panic and by the time we’d reached our next destination, our onward bound ticket was waiting for us at the reception. Not a service which would have been available from a high street tour operator I suspect! Tim had wanted to give me a trip of a lifetime and thanks to Sylvia he was able to do so. We will never forget our time in Africa and can’t wait to return. Thank you again Sylvia – it was absolutely wonderful!

Tim & Jo

Zambia & Malawi

'We recommend their bespoke safaris and services'

We decided to go on Safari with Africabound Adventures, the service provided was excellent! Sylvia took care of all our holiday planning by listening to our queries and put all our anxieties at ease - addressing and meeting all our expectations. Her passion, close links and expertise of Zambia and the region prompted us to book with Africabound Adventures. This one-to-one personalised service was second to none! We had a superb holiday, visiting the 4 recommended National Parks! The lodges were great - of a consistently high standard and comfortable, particularly Lion Camp in the South Luangwa. The game viewing lived up to expectations! The food was great and the people warm and friendly. Thank you Sylvia, for all your efforts towards arranging and delivering a memorable and enjoyable safari with passion, energy and expertise.

Anne and Steve


'We can’t wait to go again!'

This was our first trip to Southern Africa and our first safari and we can't wait to go again. From the outset Sylvia was incredibly helpful understanding exactly what we wanted from the trip and using her vast local knowledge and experience to tailor the holiday perfectly. The choice is overwhelming and having the benefit of someone to guide you through the options and suggest places to stay and visit was such a help. Sylvia also worked closely with a travel agent to match the internal and international flights to the places we wanted to stay and maximise the time available on our trip. Having all the transfers arranged by Sylvia also took a lot of hassle out of moving between locations. The trip was amazing from the hospitality and drives around the reserve at Tanda Tula, getting up close to wonderful wildlife to the incredible welcome at the stunning River Club in Zambia and a walking safari with rhinos. I would totally recommend using Sylvia and Africabound Adventures to organise your holiday.

David Owen

South Africa & Zambia

'The lodge was great!'

We had a great time in Livingstone. The lodge was great - you need to have a love for nature to stay here. The rooms were quite open, overlooking the river therefore you were likely to get a few wasps, bugs etc. fly into your room. However the mosquito netting over the beds avoided one being bitten at night. The manager at the lodge was helpful – however I would recommend that anyone who travels to the Victoria Falls should book their activities directly from the individual activity centres. Other than that had we had great time!

Shreya and Family