Tanzania Fact File
OFFICIAL NAME: Republic of Tanzania
At 947,300 km, the area comprises the Tanzania mainland and the islands of Zanzibar and Pemba.
Tanzania is situated on the far eastern part of Africa, just below the equator, with Kenya and Uganda to its north; Zambia, Malawi and Mozambique to its south. To its west lies the Democratic Republic of Congo.
Tanzania is mountainous in the northeast, where Mount Kilimanjaro lies. This is Africa's highest peak! To the north and west are the Great Lakes of Lake Victoria which is Africa's largest lake; and Lake Tanganyika being Africa's deepest lake - renowned for its unique species of fish. Central Tanzania is a large plateau, with plains and arable land. The eastern shore is hot and humid, with the island of Zanzibar lying just offshore.
Tanzania is a safe country to travel in and its people are warm hearted and generous – eager to help visitors get the most out of their stay. As with all countries, reasonable precautions should be taken such as locking away valuables and not walking alone at night.
Tanzania has a population of around 35,922,000. Native Africans constitute 99% of the population.
Dodoma is the administrative capital
Dar es Salaam is the commercial capital
SYSTEM OF GOVERNMENT: Tanzania is a multiparty democratic republic.
HEAD OF STATE: John Magafuli
INDEPENDENCE DAY: December 09th 1961
LANGUAGE: Kiswahili and English
RELIGION: Christianity is the predominant religion (45%), followed by Islam (40%).
TIME ZONE: GMT + 3
INTERNATIONAL DIALLING CODE: +255
ELECTRICITY: 220 Volts AC, 50 - 60Hz
A valid passport is required. Most visitors to Tanzania require a visa to enter the country. Three-month single-entry tourist visas are available at Tanzanian embassies in your country. Price is subject to nationality. Please contact your local embassy
The Tanzania shilling (TSh or TZS), divided into 100 cents, is the national currency.
Foreign currency can be changed at banks, foreign exchange bureaus and at hotels and airports. Travellers’ Cheques are accepted at most banks, bureaux and hotels. All major international credit cards are accepted.
Tanzania has three international airports.
Dar es Salaam International Airport handles most international flights.
The other two are Kilimanjaro International Airport and Zanzibar International Airport.
Frequent flights for both scheduled and charter flights operate in and around Tanzania and its neighbouring countries.
10 hours to Dar es Salaam, Kilimanjaro via Nairobi, Zanzibar via Nairobi or Dar es Salaam.
From the north, paved roads connect the Kenyan capital of Nairobi with Arusha and cross the border at the Namanga post. This trip takes approximately 4 – 6 hours.
From the south, the road from Malawi enters Tanzania at Karonga before continuing onto Mbeya.
Internal roads connect Arusha and Dar es Salaam to major towns around the country. Roads to major tourist destinations are paved or under construction. Please check for regular updates.
Tanzania has a tropical climate. The coastal areas are usually hot and humid, but once on the beach, a sea breeze usually cools the air. The average day temperature is 30˚C.
Tanzania has two rainy seasons; the long rains from late March to June when the rain falls in heavy downpours, often accompanied by violent storms. The short rains from November to January tend to be much less severe.
The hottest time of the year is from December to March, before the long rains begin and the coolest months are June, July and August when the weather is often overcast.
In high-altitude areas such as the Kilimanjaro and the Ngorongoro Highlands, temperatures can fall below freezing.
Malaria prevention goes a long way towards keeping you protected. Make sure to visit your doctor for anti-malaria prescriptions that best suit you.
A yellow fever vaccination is no longer officially required when entering Tanzania, however it is required if you wish to visit Zanzibar.
Inoculations against hepatitis A, typhoid and diptheria are recommended.
www.fitfortravel.scot.nhs.uk is a good source of information.
FIND OUT MORE:
Tanzania Tourist Board